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  Furniture

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   for Clavichord

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   for Cembalino

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   for Cembalino

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   for all the Windcaps

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   for Clavichord

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  Golden Set

   for Ottav. Spinet

 

  Spares & Raw materials

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Musical Instruments
 

  A ...

  Acordeón

  Appalachian Dulcimer

  Archlute

  Armonio

  Arpa

  Atabal

  Atril

  Autoarpa

  B ...

  Bagpipe

  Bajo barroco

  Bajón

  Balalaica

  Banjo

  Baroque Bassoon

  Baroque Flute

  Baroque Oboe

  Baroque Trumpet

  Baryton

  Basset Clarinet

  Basset Horn

  Bentside Spinet

  Black Cornett

  Bodhran

  Bombarde

  Bouzouki

  Bow

  Bowed Psaltery

  Buccin

  C ...

  Caja

  Carillon

  Cembalino

  Cello

  Chalumeau

  Chirimía

  Cister

  Cistro

  Cítara

  Citole

  Cittern

  Classical Guitar

  Clarinet

  Clarinette d'amour

  Clarsach

  Clave

  Clavecín

  Clavichord

  Clavicordio

  Concertina

  Contrabajo

  Cornamuse

  Cornetto

  Corno recto

  Cortholt

  Cromorno

  Crumhorn

  Curtal

  D ...

  Dolzaina

  Double Bass

  Drehleier

  Drum

  Dudelsack

  Dulcema

  Dulcémele

  Dulcian

  Dulcimer

  Dulzaina

  Dulzian

  E ...

  Espineta

  F ...

  Fagot

  Felle

  Fiddle

  Fídula

  Fiedel

  Fife

  Flauta

  Flauta de Pan

  Flöten

  Flute

  Fortepiano

  G ...

  Gamba

  Gemshorn

  Gittern

  Glastonbury Pipe

  Guitarra

  Gaita

  Gerader Zink

  H ...

  Hammered Dulcimer

  Harp

  Harpsichord

  Hog-nose Psaltery

  Horn

  Hoyboy

  Hummelchen

  Hurdy-Gurdy

  I ...

  J ...

  K ...

  Kettledrum

  Klarinett

  Koncertina

  Kortholt

  Krummhorn

  Krummer Zink

  L ...

  Lap Harp

  Laúd

  Limberjack

  Lira

  Lira da gamba

  Lirone

  Lizard

  Lute

  Lysarden

  Lyre

  M ...

  Mandolin

  Mountain Zither

  Musette

  Muselaar

  Music Desk

  Mute Cornett

  N ...

  Nácara

  Nakers

  O ...

  Oboe

  Odre

  Ophicleide

  Organistrum

  Órgano

  Orlo

  Ottavina

  P ...

  Pandereta

  Pandero

  Panpipe

  Piano

  Pífano

  Plucked Psaltery

  Pommer

  Portative Organ

  Psaltery

  Q ...

  R ...

  Rackett

  Ranket

  Ranqueta

  Rauschpfeife

  Rebec

  Recorder

  Regal

  Renaissance Guitar

  S ...

  Sackbut

  Salterios

  Sanza

  Schalmei

  Schreyerpfeife

  Schriary

  Serpent

  Shawm

  Sinfonía

  Slide Trumpet

  Smallpipes

  Sordón

  Sordune

  Spinet, Bentside

  Spinet, Ottavino

  Stands

  Symphony

  T ...

  Tabor

  Taboret

  Tambor

  Tamboril

  Tambourine

  Theremin

  Timbal

  Timbrel

  Timpani

  Transverse Flute

  Trombone

  Trompeta

  Trumpet

  U ...

  Ukelele

  V ...

  Vielle

  Vihuela

  Viol

  Viola

  Viola d'amore

  Viola da gamba

  Viola de rueda

  Viola pomposa

  Violín

  Violonchelo

  Virginal

  W ...

  White cornett

  X ...

  Y ...

  Z ...

  Zanfoña

  Zink

  Zither

 

Spares & Tools
 

  A ...

  Adhesives

  B ...

  Bags

  Bits

  Books

  Bows

  C ...

  Cases

  Claviers

  Cork

  D ...

  Desk for Cembalino

  Regency Music Desk

  Drill bits

  E ...

  Electronic tuner

  F ...

  Finishing kit for Windcaps

  Furniture (Regency Music Stand)

  G ...

  Glue

  Gilding set for Ottav. Spinet

  Gut strings

  H ...

  Hide glue

  I ...

  J ...

  Jacks

  K ...

  Keyboards

  Keyfronts

  Klaviaturen

  L ...

  Lead

  Lid for Clavichord

  M ...

  Machine pegs

  Music Desk for Cembalino

  Regency Music Stand

  N ...

  Nylon strings

O ...

 

  P ...

  Pegs

  Paint

  Painting Set for Clavichord

  Painting Set for Harpsichord

  Plectra

  Plettri

  Q ...

  R ...

  Reeds (Cane)

  Reeds (Plastic)

  Raw materials

  Registers

  S ...

  Saltadores

  Slides

  Springers

  Stand for Cembalino

  Stand for Clavichord

  Stand for Harpsichord

  Strings (Gut)

  Strings (Nylon)

  Strings (Metal)

  Stools

  Sautereaux

  Soundboards

  T ...

  Tables d'harmonie

  Tastiere

  Tastenfronten

  Tools (Drill bits)

  Tuners

  Tuning keys

  Tuning pegs

  U ...

  V ...

  Varnish

  W ...

  Wire

  X ...

  Y ...

  Z ...

 
Knowledge Base -->  Early Music | Instruments | Revival |

What is Early Music?

In the 1960s, David Munrow imported from America the term 'early music' as an attempt to Anglicise the concept 'Alte Musik' used in Germany and other European countries. At that time, in England the term early music could have been understood as children's music. Following the succeed of the Munrow's ensemble -The Early Music Consort of London- the term quickly reached the present meaning all over the world. Prior to its emergence, early music was called ancient music, music of olden times or just old music. In some contexts it is also referred as pre-Classical music.

Early music commonly designates either a repertory (European music written in a millennium that spans from roughly 800 to 1800, including Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, and early Classical music 1) or an approach toward the idea of performing any old music more "authentically" on the basis of surviving instruments, treatises and other evidence (known as "Historical Performance", "Period performance" or "Authentic performance") including the use of period instruments. Frequently it is both.

Early music practitioners seek to discover and perform music from times past, to explore a repertory of music that is otherwise little known. Early music specialists also aim to recreate the sound-worlds of earlier times through the use of period instruments and techniques. They base their interpretations on the accumulated evidence of original instruments, manuscripts, first editions, and the remarks of theoretical and instructional treatises, rather than on “received tradition” passed on by previous generations of performers and teachers.

Why is it those periods in particular? Beginning with the late 18th century, music of Mozart & Haydn and especially Beethoven's in the following generation, was performed in public concerts during their lifetimes and then after their deaths, continuously to the present day. Historically speaking, this is a fairly noticeable change, as earlier music frequently was not performed even a few decades after it was written. Early music becomes 'early' by virtue of not generally having had this public continuity. Early music is the music which was not typically being performed in concerts at the time when performers decided to play it. This happened gradually over the course of a few decades and it is known as the Early Music Revival.

Musical periods

  EARLY MUSIC        
ANCIENT MEDIEVAL RENAISSANCE BAROQUE CLAS. ROMANTIC MODERN CONTEMP.
               

PREHISTORIC
(before 1500 BC)

ANCIENT
(before AD 500)

 EARLY MUSIC
Medieval (500–1400). Early Middle Ages (500 to 1100), Late Middle Ages (1100 to 1450)
Renaissance (1450–1600)
Baroque (1600–1760)

COMMON PRACTICE
Classical (1730–1825)
Romantic (1820–1910)

MODERN
20th century
(1900–2000)

CONTEMPORARY
(1975-present)


What changed in the Renaissance?

Emancipation of instrumental from vocal music. Methods and compositions only for instruments and orchestration in the second half of the sixteenth century.

Contrast and blend of timbres, as a vital part of music. The new delight in timbre acted as a strong stimulus in making instruments. All instruments were made in families or consorts, that is, in several sizes. They extended the lower limit of medieval music with basses and contrabasses. Never before and never since has the palette of musical hues been as rich as in the sixteenth century. In contrast to the following centuries, there was a prevalence of wind instruments (80%) over stringed (20%). Comprehensive and reliable, the Syntagma (Praetorius 1571-1621) is the standard reference book on sixteenth century instruments.

The beauty of musical instruments has never been so much appreciated before and since. At that time the violin and most other instruments were given their classical shapes. Moreover, many instruments of that time were carefully joined, turned, carved and inlaid; precious material was used; harpsichords and spinets were decorated by first-rate painters. For the same reason instruments were collected by art lovers and preserved in museums.

Musical Instruments may be described as the ingenious work of able and earnest artisans who devised them after much diligent thought and work, fashioned them out of good materials and designed them in the true proportions of art, such that they produce a beautiful accord of sound and can be employed for the magnification of God and the fitting and proper entertainment of men.


More Info

The general topic overcomes the intention of this website. More information in the following links:

Early Music Info: http://www.early-music.info/
Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_music
Early Music Network: http://www.earlymusic.net/home.html
Medieval Music & Arts Foundation: http://www.medieval.org

Books about Early Music in general:

Haskell, Harry. The Early Music Revival. (Thames and Hudson, 1988; Dover, 1996).
Sherman, Bernard. Inside Early Music: Conversations with Performers (Oxford University Press, 1997).
Haynes, Bruce. The End of Early Music (Oxford University Press, 2007).


 

     

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Last modification: 19 de agosto de 2014
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